NB Freshwater Fisheries

Inland Fishes of New Brunswick

Prepared by Dr. Allen Curry, Mark Gautreau, and Gordon Yamazaki
New Brunswick has 53 species that occur in its inland waters, including 10 introduced and 13 diadromous species.  Explore this resource to learn more about New Brunswick's fish fauna, their distribution, habitat and habits.

Fish Anatomy and Measurement

Family Common Name Scientific Name
Acipenseridae Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrhynchus
Shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum
Anguillidae American eel Anguilla rostrata
Catostomatidae Longnose sucker Catostomus catostomus
White sucker Catostomus commersoni
Centrarchidae Pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus
Redbreast sunfish Lepomis auritus
Clupeidae Smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieui
Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides
Alewife (Gaspereau) Alosa pseudoharengus
American shad Alosa sapidissima
Blueback herring Alosa aestivalis
Cottidae Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus
Umbridae Central mudminnow Umbra limi
Cyprinidae Blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus
Blacknose shiner Notropis heterolepis
Common shiner Notropis cornutus
Creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus
Fallfish Semotilus corporalis
Cyprinidae Key Fathead minnow Pimephales promelas
Finescale dace Chrosomus neogaeus
Golden shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas
Goldfish Carassius auratus
Lake chub Couesius plumbeus
Northern redbelly dace Chrosomus eos
Pearl Dace Semotilus margarita
Cyprinodontidae Banded killifish Fundulus diaphanus
Mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus
Esocidae Chain pickerel Esox niger
Muskellunge Esox masquinongy
Gadidae Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod
Burbot Lota lota
Gasterosteidae Blackspotted stickleback Gasterosteus wheatlandi
Brook stickleback Culaea inconstans
Stickleback Key Fourspine stickleback Apeltes quadracus
Ninespine stickleback Pungitius pungitius
Threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus
Ictaluridae Brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus
Osmeridae Rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax
Percichthyidae Striped bass Morone saxatilis
White perch Morone americana
Percidae Yellow perch Perca flavescens
Petromyzontidae Sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus
Salmonidae Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus
Atlantic salmon Salmo salar
Brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis
Salmonidae Key Brown trout Salmo trutta
Lake trout Salvelinus namaycush
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss
Tiger trout Salmo trutta X Salvelinus fontinalis
Splake Salvelinus fontinalis X S. namaycush
Coregoninae Lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis
Round whitefish Prosopium cylindraceum